Overview of Screening, Assessment and Brief Intervention: A Nursing Response to the Full Spectrum of Substance Use
- Explain how and why screening, assessment, and brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is an appropriate set of clinical strategies for nurses, across all health care settings, to identify and manage substance use.
- Differentiate screening, assessment, and brief intervention.
- Articulate three stylistic strategies for incorporating screening, assessment, and brief intervention into routine nursing practice.
- Analyze a simulated patient interview for key components and stylistic elements of a brief intervention.
Dr. Deb Finnell has been a registered nurse for over 4 decades, specializing in psychiatric / mental health nursing, prevention and treatment of substance use disorders. She has published on the role of the professional nurse in SBIRT provision, integrating content on the continuum of substance use into nursing curricula, development and testing of SBIRT implementation models – all with the goal of moving SBIRT into the mainstream of nursing practice. Her current work focuses on integrating SBIRT-related content in the masters’ nursing curriculum at Johns Hopkins University. She recently produced, and is currently testing a brief video intervention designed to bring the evidence about the neurobiological base of alcohol-use disorders directly to at-risk individuals.
Dr. Lauren Broyles is a doctorally-prepared nurse with advanced postdoctoral training in health services research. She is currently a health services researcher and VA Career Development Awardee with a program of research focused on improving the identification and management of alcohol misuse among hospitalized Veterans. Specifically, her research is evaluating the efficacy and implementation of nurse-delivered alcohol Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in inpatient and primary care settings. Dr. Broyles is also the Co-Director of the Pittsburgh site for the VA’s Office of Academic Affiliations Advanced Interprofessional Fellowship in Addictions Treatment, Assistant Professor at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Assistant Professor of Clinical and Translational Science at the University of Pittsburgh, and Assistant Professor at the School of Nursing. Additionally, she currently serves as Secretary for the interdisciplinary organization, the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA), and as an Associate Editor for their peer-reviewed journal, Substance Abuse. Her clinical background is in substance abuse consultation-liaison services at the University of Maryland Medical System.